CARL signs The Washington Principles on Copyright Balance in Trade Agreements

OTTAWA, November 30, 2017. — Earlier this month, CARL joined a large group of internet experts from around the world who signed a common declaration, The Washington Principles on Copyright Balance in Trade Agreements.

The Washington Principles urges that the following six guidelines be adhered to during international trade negotiations in order to promote education, cultural memory, and access to knowledge:

  • Protect and promote copyright balance
  • Provide technology-enabling exceptions
  • Require flexible intermediary safeguards
  • Ensure that technological protection measures permit user rights
  • Reflect multilateral commitments on copyright term
  • Guarantee proportionality and due process

The Samuelson-Glushko Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic has produced a French translation of these principles.


CARL members include Canada’s twenty-nine largest university libraries as well as two national libraries. Enhancing research and higher education are at the heart of its mission. CARL develops the capacity to support this mission, promotes effective and sustainable scholarly communication, and public policy that enables broad access to scholarly information.

For more information:
Susan Haigh, Executive Director
613.482.9344 ext. 101