|MAIN TYPES OF OA POLICIES
The following are the three main types of open access policies (though use of these designations is somewhat fluid):Mandatory deposit policy – see the Université de Liège’s mandate as described in these 2007 meeting minutes
“Opt-out” or rights-retention policy – see the Harvard Model Open Access Policy
Resolution-based or “opt-in” policy
Canadian Open Access Policies
The Open Scholarship Policy Observatory at the University of Victoria maintains a list of existing open access policies at Canadian institutions. As of mid-2019, there are ten policies or statements at the institution level, seven by librarian groups, and two at the faculty or department level. Almost all of these are non-binding resolution-based policies (see sidebar).
International Open Access Policies
In addition to the Harvard and Liège policies (discussed in the sidebar) which are frequently used as a starting point for discussions within institutions, another interesting model is the UK Scholarly Communications Licence (UK-SCL) and Model Policy. It has been developed consortially, but has not yet been adopted by any UK institutions.
A Note About the Evolution of ‘Open’ Policies
It is anticipated that open policies will evolve or be more expansive as open data, open education, open pedagogy, and other forms of open scholarship continue to gain ground. We look forward to revising this page as new forms of policies emerge.
This work, the CARL Institutional Open Access Policy Toolkit, was developed by members of the CARL Advancing Research Committee and is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.